Pre - November 14, 2016, 7.8 earthquake
From the shoreline of Kaikoura township steep mountains, known as the Seawood Kaikoura's, give an element of grandeur to the settlement. The Pacific Ocean pummels its beaches and rocky outcrops. It is where cold and warm ocean currents meet. To the south of the settlement, Kaikoura (submarine) Canyon drops to depths of twelve hundred metres. It provides a rich source of nutrients and food for marine life.
Kaikoura township from Kaikoura Lookout
In Maori, Kai means food and koura means crayfish. Before the 1990s it was a sleepy town and was the main stop for fish and chips for travellers passing through. Although it still retains a quietness, it now attracts up to a million visitors each year. On a busy day, the cafes and tourist operators are in full swing. People now come to see the whales, dolphins, seals and seabirds.
If you don’t have money to splash on tours, cool landscape vistas and wildlife can be viewed by going for a walk on the Kaikoura Peninsula. The town is located on the north-eastern side of the peninsula and the walk is easily accessed by foot. It has good interpretation panels, and you can do a round trip in three to four hours, or take all day and soak in the sights and sounds. I have spent some perfect days walking on the peninsula.
The Kaikoura Canyon is a submarine canyon. It is to the south of the peninsula and about half a kilometre off Goose Bay. It is one of the most productive deep-sea ecosystems in the world. Unfortunately, (with not much thought, or lack of knowledge) Europeans started whaling and clearing the land for farming in the 1840s, hence the depletion of whale populations and vegetation cover. Lucky for us, whale populations have been slowly increasing.
Wildlife you may see at Kaikoura Peninsula
A young New Zealand Fur Seal
New Zealand Fur Seals are located at Point Kean and Whalers Bay. Their noses are pointed, and they have long whiskers and earflaps. Their colour is silver/grey-brown and their diet consists of squid, octopus and mid-water fish. They will also eat small birds.
The average age of females is 12 years and males 15 years. The seals like spending long periods on shore and unlike true seals, which are earless, fur seals have external ears. In the 1700s and 1800s they were almost wiped out by hunters.
Red-billed Gulls breed in summer at ‘The Sugarloaf’ near Whalers Bay on the peninsula. It is the largest colony in New Zealand and is easily identified by its red eye rings, and red legs and feet. In the breeding season, their colour is more vibrant.
The gull feeds on small fish, krill, and likes to scavenge in rubbish dumps. It also likes a sandwich and chips from picnickers. They can live up to 28 years, but its average lifespan is 14 years. It is monogamous and the most common gull in New Zealand.
Blue Penguins can sometimes be seen bobbing around offshore. They are slate blue with a white underbelly, stand up to 30 cm tall and weigh around one kilo. Blue Penguins eat small fish, squid and crustaceans and are the world’s smallest penguin. They leave their colony in South Bay before sunrise and return just after sunset.
Hutton Shearwaters breed only (in the world) in the Seaward Kaikoura's and on the Peninsula. In 2010 a predator-proof fence was completed to help protect a new colony that was being established. Hutton Shearwater bodies have blackish-brown upperparts with white underparts.
They eat small fish and shrimp and live at sea for six months of the year. In summer, flocks feed offshore and can look like large floating rafts to the observer. In winter they leave New Zealand for the warmer waters of Australia.
Other birds you may see include shags, dotterels, black-backed gulls, oystercatchers, terns, gannets, petrels and more. You may even see a species of albatross.
If you keep a lookout over the sea and are lucky, you may see a whale blow or a pod of dolphins. Often boats, helicopters and birds are an indication they might be in the vicinity. In winter, humpback whales travel northwards along the coast and often come in close to the shore. If you have binoculars take them with you.
Track leading to the Sugarloaf
How to get there
Follow State Highway 1 North for approximately 2hrs and 20 minutes.
Follow State Highway 1 South for approximately 2hours and 20 minutes.
From Kaikoura to Goose Bay
Follow State Highway 1 South for approximately 10 minutes.